Glossary

Glossary

Fit

Wide Leg

A type of style of pant which is designed with an extra wide fit around the hip, thigh, knee and hem that helps to balance out curvy hips.

Fit and Flair

Refers to a dress style characterized by a form-fitting Bodice with a skirt which flairs out towards the hemline, often with pleats or folds.

Oversized

Enlarged garments, scales are played with to alter the natural silhouette of the wearer.

A-Line

A dress or skirt silhouette that is narrower at the top, flaring gently out to make an ‘A’ shape silhouette. Flattering on most figures in particular pear shapes.

Styles/Style details 

Halter-neck:

A top for women with a single, sometimes tied strap that passes behind the back of the neck.

Lapel:

The two triangular pieces of cloth that extend from the collar of a suit jacket.

Maxi skirt:

The name given to a long, full length skirt.

Mini skirt:

Short skirt with a hemline that is usually at least 20cm above the knee.

Peek-a-boo:

Any part of a garment that has been cut-out to reveal skin.

Racer back:

A feature usually in vest tops where the back is cut away to reveal the wearers shoulder blades.

Yoke:

The yoke is the fabric across the back shoulders of a shirt or dress that connects the collar, sleeves, front pieces and back pieces together. There may also be a yoke on a skirt, where it would cross just below the waist.

Cowl:

A soft draping of fabric, cut so that the fabric can hang in soft folds. Often found on necklines and backs.

Blouson:

A loose fitting top that ends around the waist. Drawn snugly, it hangs just over the waistband.

Empire waist:

An empire silhouette features a high waist, usually just under the bust, and a flowing, loose bodice. You may see an empire waist on dresses or shirts.

Wrap dress:

A wrap dress fits by wrapping around the body and crossing in front to close. The wrap dress is often secured with ties and features a deep V neckline.

Chinese/Mandarin Collar:

A  short unfolded stand-up collar style on a shirt or jacket.

Fabric/Fabric Manipulations

Brocade:

Originating in the 17th Century Brocade is Italian for embossed cloth. A rich, ornate fabric with elaborate design - often reversible and featuring motifs such as flowers, foliage and scrollwork. Made with a jacquard loom.

Knife–pleat:

Very narrow pleats pressed to form regular sharp pleats to skirts and dresses. Particularly popular from the 1920s to the 1950s.

Quilted:

Padding technique enclosing a layer of wadding between two pieces of fabric, held in place by sewing a diamond pattern over fabrics

Applique:

Applique is a method of decorating garments in which one fabric is applied to another, often with floral and leaf patterns, but can be of any design and are stitched around the edged.

Charmeuse:

A light weight, soft ,drapey fabric with a semi-lustrous satin face with a dull back.

Smocking:

Decoration on a garment created by gathering a section of the material into tight pleats and holding them together with parallel stitches in an ornamental pattern.

Sleeves

Dolman Sleeve:

Similar to a batwing; a dolman sleeve has a large armhole, extends from the bodice and narrows at the cuff.

Raglan:

Widely used sleeve construction in which the underarm seam of the sleeve is extended to the neckline at the front and the back.

Kimono sleeve:

Cut as part of the bodice of women’s blouses, a kimono sleeve has a wide, sloping shape.